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SAT满分作文:is it necessary to question the authority?

本文来源于留学啦 2011-07-23 22:33 阅读次 标签SAT满分作文
2010年1月SAT作文题目 Do people make the greatest discoveries by exploring what is unfamiliar to them or by paying close attention to what seems familiar? 关于审题,这是一个难题。同学们在考场上需要从脑海里面把准备的例子迅速想一遍,

  2010年1月SAT作文题目

  Do people make the greatest discoveries by exploring what is unfamiliar to them or by paying close attention to what seems familiar?

  关于审题,这是一个难题。同学们在考场上需要从脑海里面把准备的例子迅速想一遍,看看哪个更适合此题目。由于限定了discovery, 笔者班上的同学们应该能快速想到伽利略或者哥白尼。前者做出了伟大的发现,比如两球下降的正确理论;后者发现了日心说。

  以前者为例,他发现的理论很明显是符合题干中的后者的,因为两球下降之前就有过相关理论,他对此熟悉的理论做了分析研究,最终有了正确的伟大的发现。

  还是给大家找一篇文章作为素材的参考,写作者是Lily同学,去年6月SAT考试作文满分,习作的题目是is it necessary to question the authority?

  Another story of Galileo is also a very typical one to explain the importance of challenging the authority. It is known to us all that Aristotle is a great philosopher in ancient Greece and is widely regarded as the most erudite mind so far. His theories, as a result, are firmly believed by almost everyone in the Middle Age. (塑造权威)

  However, Galileo, a talented physicist at that time, found one of Aristotle’s theories that the velocities of two falling weights are proportional to their weights incorrect through his thousands of experiments. (为什么挑战)

  He finally decided to show his research results by doing an experiment on the Leaning Tower of Pisa in front of the public, which later turned out to be a blockbuster in the field of physics.

  Galileo dropped two iron balls of different weights to the ground and everybody present witnessed the historic moment that the two balls reached the ground at exactly the same time. (怎么挑战)

  Galileo’s experiments and discoveries violently challenged that of Aristotle and started a revolutionary debate among scientists. More importantly, he corrected thousands of people’s wrong beliefs and contributed a lot to the modern physics. (挑战的结果)

  实战运用:题目Do people make the greatest discoveries by exploring what is unfamiliar to them or by paying close attention to what seems familiar?

  我们先确认观点:应该研究看上去熟悉的。关键字:研究看上去熟悉的——重大发现。接下来写出例子的基本思路:

  背景(亚里士多德是权威)---提出了两球下降理论(速度和质量成正比)——伽利略(Pisa大学毕业后,开始大量阅读书籍)——研究公众十分熟悉,并且基本公认的理论——两球下降理论——认为没有经过试验检测,不可靠——比萨斜塔实验——结果,两球同时落地——伟大的发现(正确的理论——速度和质量部成正比)——科学界的突破,打破对于权威的盲目相信,实验科学的创始人。

  修改版:

  Another story of Galileo is also a very typical one to explain the importance of exploring what is familiar to us. It is known to us all that Aristotle is a great philosopher in ancient Greece and is widely regarded as the most erudite mind so far. His theories, as a result, are firmly believed by almost everyone in the Middle Age. Among all these theories, one theory that the velocities of two falling weights are proportional to their weights enjoyed widespread familiarity among the public. (点题)(熟悉的东西是什么)

  At that time, Galileo, an unknown scientist, was absorbed in books of Aristotle. However, instead of totally copying the thoughts of him, Galileo developed his own way of thinking and gave priority to the effect of experimentation on science, doubting the feasibility of the widely known (点题)theory about the speed of falling objects. (伽利略研究熟悉的东西)

  He finally decided to find out the truth by doing an experiment on the Leaning Tower of Pisa in front of the public. During the experiment, Galileo dropped two iron balls of different weights to the ground and everybody present witnessed the historic moment that the two balls reached the ground at exactly the same time. (伽利略挑战熟悉的理论)

  That experiment witnessed the birth of one of the greatest discoveries in the field of science, namely, the theory that the velocities of two falling objects are not related to their weights. More important is the fact that this finding weakens the blind trust of the public toward the authority and paved the way for the widespread use of experimentation in testing the practicability of a theory.(营造这是伟大的发现)

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